While President Allende’s family had always accepted the official version that he had taken his own life, there were many Allende supporters who suspected he had been executed by soldiers.
President Allende’s body was exhumed and examined by international experts as part of an inquiry into his death, that hoped to put to rest the mystery of his death.
Allende, was 65 when he died in La Moneda presidential palace on 11th September 1973 as it was being bombed by air force jets and attacked by tanks.
The official version was that he shot himself – with a rifle given to him by his friend, Cuban leader Fidel Castro – as troops stormed the palace.
Mr Allende’s family agreed to have his body exhumed from a cemetery in the capital, Santiago, so that an international team of experts, including specialists in ballistics, could determine the cause of death.
The official report handed in to the Chilean government concludes that Mr Allende was killed by two bullets shot from a rifle held between his legs.
British ballistics expert David Prayer took part in the investigation and said the result was clear.
“The gun, an AKA rifle, was on automatic,” he said.
“There was one wound in his skull, caused by two bullets. There is no evidence that a third person was involved,” said Mr Prayer.
Senator Isabel Allende, a daughter of the late president, said the family had received the news with great peace.
“The report conclusions are consistent with what we already believed. When faced with extreme circumstances, he made the decision of taking his own life, instead of being humiliated,” Ms Allende said.
Salvador Allende, a member of the Socialist Party, became the first left-wing president of Chile when he was elected in September 1970.
He introduced a number of economic reforms, including the nationalisation of the mining industry, that angered the opposition and the US government at the time.
A series of strikes paralysed the country and left the capital isolated in the tense days that preceded the coup.
On 11th September 1973, President Allende was tipped off that part of the military under General Pinochet’s command would launch an attack to remove him from power.
Allende turned up at the Palacio de La Moneda carrying a rifle and ready to co-ordinate the resistance, witnesses said.
Well he might have taken his own life, but he would not have done it if the fascists were not hammering his building assorted weaponry.