Activists have identified the monk as Tsewang Norbu and say he had shouted slogans including “long live the Dalai Lama” before setting himself alight.
The UK-based Free Tibet group said in a statement that the 29-year-old monk, from the Nyitso Monastery in Dawu town, had doused himself with petrol and set himself alight.
The group said he had been calling out “we Tibetan people want freedom”, “long live the Dalai Lama” and “let the Dalai Lama Return to Tibet.”
This is the second suicide protest this year in Sichuan province in support of the belief that the government is suppressing Tibetan culture.
Many Tibetan’s accusing the Chinese government of forcing monks to attend re-education camps, and encouraging the migration of Han Chinese to Tibetan areas.
The Chinese authorities have hit back at the accusations saying they have “brought relative wealth and prosperity” to a region that was a rural backwater.
A receptionist at a local hotel has said that she saw the monk handing out leaflets before he set himself alight.
“I saw a monk lying on the ground and burning, he died right in front of the county government building,” said the receptionist.
The state-run Xinhua news agency quoted local government officials confirming that a monk had died.
The local government has promised to investigate, saying it was not clear why he had set fire to himself. These geniuses should get put onto investigating all the worlds big mysteries. Just about everyone on the planet knows why the monk set himself alight. But the professionals in Sichuan can’t get their heads around it.